Asmodeus appears as a very handsome and charming human male of indeterminate age. He is always sporting the latest fashions for the time and place he appears in. Only at the fruition or the failure of his plans will his true evil be seen.
Asmodeus: The most powerful Devil in all of Hell is without doubt, god-like. Asmodeus rules the Nine Hells from Nessus, the ninth and deepest layer of Hell. His mighty iron fortress, Malsheem, in located deep within a great rift in the center of Nessus. Asmodeus was the greatest general under Kaodr of the angelic hosts when Kador turned against the Gods.
His wife is Bensozia.
Domains: Law, Trickery, Evil, Magic, & Tyranny
Symbol: Ruby rod
Temples: The places of worship are called Pyres http://www.wizards.com/magic/images/mtgcom/fcpics/features/_9E_Wisp_RobAlexander.jpg
Template:Portalpar Asmodeus or Asmodai (Template:Lang-he Ashmedai) (see below for other variations) is a king of demons mostly known from the deuterocanonical Book of Tobit. The demon is also mentioned in some Talmudic legends, for instance, in the story of the construction of the Temple of Solomon. He was supposed by some Renaissance Christians to be the King of the Nine Hells. Asmodeus also is referred to as one of the seven princes of hell. In Binsfeld's classification of demons, each one of these princes represents one of the seven deadly sins (Pride, Lust, Envy, Sloth, Greed, Gluttony, and Wrath). Asmodeus is the demon of lust and is therefore responsible for twisting people's sexual desires. It is said that people who fall to Asmodeus' ways will be sentenced to an eternity in the second level of hell.
The name Asmodai is believed to derive from Avestan language *aēšma-daēva, where aēšma means "wrath", and daēva signifies "demon". While the daēva Aēšma is thus Zoroastrianism's demon of wrath and is also well attested as such, the compound aēšma-daēva is not attested in scripture. It is nonetheless likely that such a form did exist, and that the Book of Tobit's "Asmodaios" (Template:Polytonic) and the Talmud's "Ashmedai" (Template:Lang) reflect it.
Other spelling variations include Asmodaeus (Latin), Asmodaios-Ασμοδαίος (Greek), Ashmadia, Asmoday, Asmodée (French), Asmodee, Asmodei, Ashmodei, Ashmodai, Asmodeios, Asmodeo (Spanish and Italian), Asmodeu (Portuguese), Asmodeius, Asmodi, Chammaday, Chashmodai, Sidonay, Sydonai, Asimodai (Romanian).Template:Citation needed The playwright William Shakespeare abbreviated his name to Modo.
Although there are also functional parallels between Zoroastrianism's Aēšma and Judaism's Asmodai/Asmodeus, the linguistic relationship does not denote conceptual continuity. The two are mythologically and culturally distinct.
In the textsEdit
In the KabbalahEdit
In the Book of TobitEdit
The Asmodeus of the Book of Tobit is attracted to Sarah, Raguel's daughter, and is not willing to let any husband possess her (Tobit, vi.13); hence he slays seven successive husbands on their wedding nights, thus impeding the sexual consummation of the marriages. When the young Tobias is about to marry her, Asmodeus proposes the same fate for him; but Tobias is enabled, through the counsels of his attendant angel Raphael, to render him innocuous. By placing a fish's heart and liver on red-hot cinders, Tobias produces a smoky vapor that causes the demon to flee to Egypt, where Raphael binds him (viii.2, 3).
Asmodeus would thus seem to be a demon characterized by carnal desire; but he is also described as an evil spirit in general: 'Ασμοδαίος τὸ πονηρὸν δαιμόνιον or τõ δαιμόνιον πονηρόν, and πνεῦμα ἀκάϑαρτον (iii.8, 17; vi.13; viii.3). It is possible, moreover, that the statement (vi.14), "Asmodeus loved Sarah," implies that he was attracted not by women in general, but by Sarah only.
In the TalmudEdit
The figure of Ashmedai in the Talmud is less malign in character than the Asmodeus of Tobit. In the former, he appears repeatedly in the light of a good-natured and humorous fellow. But besides that, there is one feature in which he parallels Asmodeus, inasmuch as his desires turn upon Solomon's wives and Bath-sheba. But even here, Ashmedai seems more comparable to a Greek satyr rather than to an evil demon.
Another Talmudic legend has King Solomon tricking Asmodai into collaborating in the construction of the Temple of Jerusalem. In yet another legend Asmodai changed place for some years with King Solomon. An aggadic narrative describes him as the king of all the shades (Pesachim 109b-112a). Another passage describes him as marrying Lilith, who became his queen.
In the Testament of SolomonEdit
In the Testament of Solomon, a 1st-3rd century text, the king invokes Asmodeus to aid in the construction of the Temple. The demon appears and predicts Solomon's kingdom will one day be divided (Testament of Solomon 5:4-5). When Solomon interrogates Asmodeus further, the king learns that Asmodeus is thwarted by the angel Raphael, as well as by sheatfish found in the rivers of Assyria. He also admits to hating water and birds because both remind him of God.
In the Malleus MaleficarumEdit
In the Malleus Maleficarum (1486), Asmodeus was considered the demon of lust, to which agreed Sebastien Michaelis saying that his adversary is St. John. Some demonologists of the 16th century assigned each month to a demon and considered November to be the month in which Asmodai's power was stronger. Other demonologists asserted that his zodiacal sign was Aquarius but only between the dates of January 30 and February 8.
He has seventy-two legions of demons under his command. He is one of the Kings of Hell under Lucifer the emperor. He incites gambling, and is the overseer of all the gambling houses in the court of Hell. Some Catholic theologians compared him with Abaddon. Yet other authors considered Asmodeus a prince of revenge.
In the Dictionnaire InfernalEdit
In the Dictionnaire Infernal by Collin de Plancy, Asmodeus is depicted with the breast of a man, a cock leg, serpent tail, three heads (one of a man spitting fire, one of a sheep, and one of a bull), riding a lion with dragon wings and neck, all of these animals being associated with either lascivity, lust or revenge.Template:Citation needed The Archbishop of Paris approved his portrait.
In the Lesser Key of SolomonEdit
He "is strong, powerful and appears with three heads; the first is like a bull, the second like a man, and the third like a ram; the tail of a serpent, and from his mouth issue flames of fire." Also, he sits upon an infernal dragon, holds a lance with a banner and, amongst the Legions of Amaymon, Asmoday governs seventy two legions of inferior spirits.
Asmodeus' reputation as the personification of lust continued into later writings, as he was known as the "Prince of Lechery" in the 16th century romance Friar Rush.
Asmodeus was a demon in the 1970's low budget movie Equinox.
The French Benedictine Augustin Calmet equated his name with fine dress. The French novelist Alain-René Lesage likened him to Cupid in his 1707 novel le Diable boiteux. In the book, he is rescued from an enchanted glass bottle by a Spanish student Don Cleophas Leandro Zambullo. Grateful, he joins with the young man on a series of adventures before being recaptured. Asmodeus is portrayed in a sympathetic light as good-natured, and a canny satirist and critic of human society. Following this, he was depicted in a number of novels and periodicals, mainly in France but also London and New York.
Asmodeus was widely depicted as having a handsome visage, good manners and an engaging nature, however he was portrayed as walking with a limp and one leg was either clawed or that of a cock. He walks aided by two walking sticks in LeSage's work, and this gave rise to the English title The Devil on Two Sticks. LeSage attributes his lameness falling from the sky after fighting with another devil.
Asmodeus is the recurring antagonist in the Felix Castor novels of Mike Carey. His true form is never seen as he is bound inside Castor's friend Rafe after a botched summoning/exorcism. Commentary from other characters indicate that Asmodeus is one of Hell's more powerful demons.
Asmodeus has been depicted in the Dungeons and Dragons roleplaying game, as the most powerful prince of the nine hells from 1977, until 2008. In 2008, the 4th edition of Dungeons and Dragons enhances Asmodeus' standing from that of the ruler of the nine hells to a full deity, albeit an evil one.
Asmodeus was the name of the biochemical weapon launched against NeoTokyo in the 1995 Enix video game, Terranigma
See also Edit
- ↑ Template:Cite web
- ↑ Erik Stave, "Æshma (Asmodeus, Ashmedai)", Jewish Encyclopedia, 2002, JewishEncyclopedia.com, 24 June 2008 <http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/view.jsp?artid=873&letter=A&search=asmodeus>
- ↑ 3.0 3.1 3.2 Rudwin, p. 93
- ↑ Erik Stave, "Æshma (Asmodeus, Ashmedai)": "It is, however, conceivable that Æshma may have had the same part assigned to him in the popular beliefs of the Persians, although the literary sources contain nothing to support the conjecture."
- ↑ Alan Humm, Kabbala: Lilith, Queen of the Demons
- ↑ p. 8 of Lilith's Cave: Jewish tales of the supernatural, by Howard Schwartz (San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1988)
- ↑ 7.0 7.1 7.2 Template:Citation
- ↑ Rudwin, p. 20
- ↑ Template:Cite book
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Template:Cite book
- ↑ Rudwin, p. 88
- ↑ Rudwin, p. 92
- ↑ Rudwin, p. 50
- ↑ Gygax, Gary. Monster Manual (TSR, 1977)
- ↑ James Wyatt. Dungeon Masters Guide (Wizards of the Coast, 2008).
- ↑ Heinsoo, Rob. "Player's Handbook" (Wizards of the Coast, 2008).
- ↑ Template:Cite web
- Samuel Liddell MacGregor Mathers and Aleister Crowley, The Goetia: The Lesser Key of Solomon the King (1904). 1995 reprint: ISBN 0-87728-847-X.
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